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Postcard from Thailand - a polluted paradise

Greenpeace International - س, 10/30/1416 - 07:44

The tiny island of Koh Samet is about 2 km off the coast of the Thai mainland and has the long pale beaches, forests and beautiful geography made famous by the 2000 hit film, The Beach

Right now though the fine, white sands of the island and clear, blue waters that surround it are being turned sticky and black by crude oil which spurted out of a pipeline operated by PTT Global Chemical.

The spill started Saturday morning from about 20 kilometres southeast of the Map Ta Phut seaport on the southern shore of the mainland. PTT, the state-owned administrator of PTT Global Chemical, tried to downplay the full extent of the leak by claiming that the oil slick had "effectively been dissolved".

This claim proved to be untrue after unrefined crude started blackening the immaculate beaches of Koh Samet as PTT Global Chemical admitted 50,000 litres of unrefined crude had been spilled into the waters of Phrao Bay.

Making matters worse, Thailand is not capable of handling the oil spill, Deputy Premier Plodprasop Suraswadi conceded to the Bangkok Post. Speaking via a government spokesman, he added that authorities should seek help from nearby Singapore.

For a region identified by Greenpeace Southeast Asia Thailand Programme Manager Ply Pirom as the "nation’s food basket", this news is bleak.

Bleaker still when you realise that this spill is just one of more than 200 spills that have happened in Thai waters in the past three decades, effectively putting the region's ecosystem in the crossfire of big oil companies and meagre oil spill mitigation resources.

Greenpeace East Asia has been closely monitoring the situation and have deployed a rapid response team to document the impact of the spill, particularly in the National Marine Park area that includes Koh Samet.

Greenpeace is now demanding that PTT Global Chemical be held financially liable for the cost of cleaning and restoring the natural environment and is mobilising the public through an online petition. It's time for the Thai government to review its energy policy and put an end to oil drilling and exploration in the Gulf of Thailand.

The paradox of a country known for its staggering natural beauty but still heavily reliant on fossil fuels in its energy policy is counterintuitive. Especially when the availability of affordable, clean, renewable energy is taken into consideration. 

It is up to us all to put pressure on policymakers, oil companies and their shareholders to end our reliance on fossil fuels. It may be too late to draw a line in the oil-soaked sands of Koh Samet – as we have in the ice in the Arctic – but we can rally to make this the last oil spill we see.

You can help by signing our petition.

گروه ها: Conservation Feed

South Korea tramples human rights and ignores lessons from Fukushima

Greenpeace International - س, 10/30/1416 - 07:44

Today is the International Human Rights Day and what better way to mark it than by launching a court case against injustice in South Korea.

With so many countries moving away from nuclear power in recent decades, and many more rushing to abandon it in the wake of the Fukushima nuclear disaster, South Korea remains one of the last withered feathers in the nuclear industry’s cap. Both the South Korean government and the industry are fighting tooth and nail to keep it that way by silencing criticism.

Since establishing an office in Seoul in April 2011, Greenpeace East Asia has witnessed the South Korean government’s willingness to ignore the lessons of Fukushima and has experienced first hand its efforts to silence those speaking out against its nuclear programme.

Between November 2011 and October 2012 six Greenpeace East Asia and Greenpeace International staff were denied entry to South Korea. They were flown back to where they came from and given no official or personal explanation as to why. Official inquiries and freedom of information requests have been met with a similar stony silence.

The only option left open to us was to challenge the government’s actions in blocking our staff from entering the country in court, which we did today.

Challenging the South Korean government’s unjust actions is important, as Greenpeace is not alone in facing this treatment. Other groups, including South Korea’s People's Solidarity for Participatory Democracy (PSPD), have been met with similar tactics when they began speaking out.

“Similar to Greenpeace's anti-nuclear campaign staff, at least 25 peace activists opposing the construction of the Jeju naval base were deported or denied entry since 2011,” said Gayoon Baek, a coordinator of the International Solidarity Committee at PSPD, while standing in solidarity with us at the court today.

"The South Korean government is increasingly using denial of entry as a means to crush activist criticism – a clear violation of the internationally recognised right to freedom of assembly and expression.”

As a party to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), South Korea has an obligation to defend the right to free speech, freedom of expression and freedom of information. Instead, it is choosing to silence those who raise their voices in opposition to its reckless nuclear programme, restricting the information its citizens have access to.

South Korea currently has 21 nuclear reactors, and is planning to build 11 more, despite the triple meltdown at Fukushima Daiichi once again proving the massive risks that this technology poses to public, environmental and economic health.

It is only right that the people of South Korea are given all the information they need to make an informed decision about their collective future. By cracking down on peaceful anti-nuclear groups, the South Korean government is instead cutting them off from the information they need to be properly informed about the risks of nuclear power.

Stopping peaceful NGOs and activists from participating in public debate in this manner is a violation of Article 19 of the ICCPR, is inconsistent with Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and is a threat to the integrity of South Korea’s democracy.

With so much invested in its nuclear plants, and with many more reactors planned, it is clear that the nuclear industry has a dangerous choke hold on South Korea’s political system.

To protect the quality of its democracy and to ensure its people have both the necessary information and a choice to move towards a nuclear-free, renewable energy future, the South Korean government must immediately cease its crackdown on those who criticise its policies. It's time for the government to allow the energy discussion debate.

Pino Lee is a nuclear campaigner with Greenpeace East Asia and is based in Seoul, South Korea.

 

گروه ها: Conservation Feed

سیزدهمین فصلنامه نقد کتاب کودک و نوجوان منتشر شد

پایگاه خبر - 4 ساعت 11 دقیقه پیش
شنبه, 28 مرداد, 1396 - 09:24

سیزدهمین فصلنامه نقد کتاب کودک و نوجوان، (سال چهارم) – بهار ۱۳۹۶ - در ۲۹۲ صفحه منتشر شد. این شماره در نیمه دوم اَمرداد‌ماه ۱۳۹۶، در شانزده بخش جداگانه فراهم و چاپ شده است:

بخش‌های سیزدهمین فصلنامه نقد کتاب کودک و نوجوان

 

سرمقاله

(سخن سردبیر، علی کاشفی خوانساری): کتاب سال جمهوری اسلامی؛ نیازمند نوزایی و بازنگری.

نقد داستان تألیف

داستان‌های تالیفی که در سیزدهمین شماره فصلنامه نقد کتاب کودک و نوجوان مورد نقد و بررسی قرار گرفته‌اند، عبارتند از:

  • خنده بر زخم پنهان؛ نقدی بر کتاب «آدامس چهارشنبه‌های خوشبختی»، نوشته نوید سید‌علی‌اکبر؛ منتقد شهناز آزادی.
  • روایتی امیدوار‌کننده همراه با تخیلی سازنده و نویدبخش؛ نقد و بررسی کتاب «گیسو و چراغ جادو»، نوشته ابراهیم حسن‌بیگی. منتقد ابوالفضل صفرپور.
  • مخاطب آری، مخاطب نه؛ بررسی کتاب «من یک گوزن بودم» از منظر مخاطب‌شناسی و اسطوره، نوشته احمد اکبرپور. منتقد فرخنده حق‌شنو.
  • بحرانی در حال انتشار؛ نقد و بررسی روایت در «ایلا نگهبان باغ وحش»، نوشته زهرا فردشاد. منتقد سندی مؤمنی.
نقد داستان ترجمه
  • آفرینش تصویر در سایه‌ی کلمات؛ نقد و بررسی ساختار و عناصر کتاب «می‌میرم برای دیدنت»، نوشته کیت کلایس. منتقد رفیع افتخار.
  • واقعیتی که رؤیا می‌خوانندش؛ نقد اسطوره‌شناختی داستان «روزگار رؤیا (داستان بومیان استرالیا)»، نوشته اوود گروو. منتقد مهدیه سیدنورانی.
نقد شعر
  • بازی، شادی، شعر؛ نگاهی به سه مجموعه شعر خردسال، «عروسک‌بازی؛ دوست بازیگوش؛ پیشی و گوشی»، سروده‌ پیوند فرهادی. منتقد اسماعیل الله‌دادی.
  • کمیّت و کیفیّت شعر کودک؛ چکیده نشستی در نمایشگاه بین‌المللی کتاب تهران (۱۸ اردیبهشت ۱۳۹۵)، دکتر ناهید معتمدی، زهره حیدری‌شاهی.
نقد آثار غیرداستان

در بخش آثار غیرداستان در سیزدهمین فصلنامه نقد کتاب کودک و نوجوان، آثار زیر نقد و بررسی شده‌اند:

  • کشکول دانستنی‌های علمی - تاریخی؛ نگاهی به «دایره‌المعارف تاریخ علم در ایران»، نوشته احسان کاتبی. منتقد مهدی اعتمادی بروجنی.
  • ظرفی پُر از میوه‌های رسیده و کال؛ نقد و بررسی کتاب طنز «واژه‌های نفهم»، نوشته احمد اکبرپور. منتقد حسن پارسایی.
  • تاریخ به روایت بیوگرافی؛ یادداشتی بر کتاب «پایان خوفناک بزرگان تاریخ»، نوشته جورجیا برگ. منتقد روح‌الله مهدی‌پورعمرانی.
نقد ادبیات دینی
  • از مجموعه داستان به‌سوی دانشنامه؛ نقد و بررسی کتاب «دایره‌المعارف پیامبران»، نوشته افسانه موسوی گرمارودی. منتقد مرضیه بابابزاده خامنه.
  • گشتی در بوستان نعمت‌ها؛ بررسی کتاب‌های «هزارتا شُکر» نوشته لاله جعفری. منتقد محمدعلی دهقانی (دانا).
نقد بین‌الملل
  • تغییراتی به‌نفع مخاطب؛ بررسی و تطبیق مجموعه‌ داستان‌های کودک ایرانی (به زبان عربی)، چاپ الجزایر، نوشته مهدی کاموس. منتقد خدیجه سرباز امام‌زاده.
نقد بازنویسی
  • مداخلاتی محدود، اما نه‌چندان مفید؛ نقد مجموعه داستان‌های اقتباسی از کلیله و دمنه، نوشته مهدی کاموس. منتقد زهرا آدینه.
مرور و بررسی
  • کتاب‌های واصله. معرفی و کتاب‌شناسی توصیفی ۱۲ عنوان کتاب. گزارشگر زهرا احمدی.
نقد تصویرگری
  • بار تصویر بر دوش متن؛ نقد و بررسی تصاویر کتاب «کُره الاغ و روباه مکار»، نوشته نوید سیدعلی‌اکبر. منتقد فاطمه فردمقدم.
نقد ویرایش
  • در باب ویرگول؛ تأملی در نشانه‌های سجاوندی پُرکاربرد در داستان «من و داداش رُباتم»، نوشته جیمز پترسون و کریس گرابنستاین، مترجم میترا امیری، ویراستار مهناز بهرامی. منتقد مهتاب مهدوی.
نقد شفاهی
  • سهم ناچیز ادبیات کودک در نشریات؛ عوامل و محدودیت‌ها. گزارش دومین نشست منتقدان کتاب کودک و نوجوان. (۷ دی‌ماه ۱۳۹۵ در سرای اهل قلم، مؤسسه خانه کتاب)، با حضور علی‌محمد رفیعی، شهرام اقبال‌زاده، علی کاشفی‌خوانساری، ندا عابد، زهرا احمدی، رفیع افتخار، حسین حسینی‌نژاد، فرزانه آقاپور، هوشنگ اعلم، منوچهر اکبرلو، محمد ولی‌زاده و فاطمه مشهدی‌رستم.
وضعیت نشر
  • فراز و نشیب‌های یک‌صد ساله؛ مروری بر تاریخ ادبیات کودک در افغانستان. [بدون نام نویسنده].
نقدپژوهی
  • کتاب‌های تئوری هنر و ادبیات کودک و نوجوان در پاییز ۱۳۹۵. دربرگیرنده معرفی و کتاب‌شناسی توصیفی ۲۹ عنوان کتاب.
  • موجز، دشوار، غربی؛ نگاهی به یک کتاب ترجمه درباره ادبیات کودک؛ بررسی کتاب «ادبیات کودک»، نوشته کیمبرلی رنلدز، ترجمه مهدی حجوانی. منتقد پیمان جلیل‌پور.
نقد آثار دیروز
  • سیب‌ها در گذر ثانیه‌ها می‌دوند؛ زیبایی در بافت کلامی و معنایی دو مجموعه شعر؛ «غم‌های قلابی» سروده شاهین رهنما و «خوش به‌حال رودخانه» سروده منیره هاشمی. منتقد آفرین پنهانی.
گوناگون
  • اخبار نقد کتاب کودک و نوجوان زمستان ۱۳۹۵؛ [دربرگیرنده ۹۳ خبر داخلی و خارجی بر پایه ماه‌های دی، بهمن و اسفندماه ۱۳۹۵].
  • منشی نول‌کشور و بازنویسی ادبیات کودک و نوجوان؛ بررسی تطبیقی «نگار دانش»، بازنویسی ابوالفضل‌بن مبارک غلامی و «مثنوی الاطفال»، نوشته میرزا محمودخان مازندرانی (مفتاح‌الملک). پژوهشگران علی کاشفی خوانساری و نرگس پدرام.
تازه‌های نشر
  • معرفی کتاب‌شناسی توصیفی ۲۷ عنوان کتاب کودک و نوجوان که هر یک از معرفی‌ها در پایانِ بخش‌های سیزدهمین فصلنامه نقد کتاب کودک و نوجوان آمده است.

 

گونه خبر: خبرهای فرهنگ و آموزشکلیدواژه: سیزدهمین فصلنامه نقد کتاب کودک و نوجوانفصلنامه نقد کتاب کودک و نوجواننقد کتاب کودکفصل نامه نقد کتاب کودکادبیات کودکا و نوجوانادبیات کودکاناحمد اکبرپورافسانه موسوی گرمارودینوید سید علی اکبر
گروه ها: کتابک

Expert: Arkansas may have reliable source of execution drug

Yahoo! News: Education News - 8 ساعت 2 دقیقه پیش

LITTLE ROCK, Ark. (AP) — A death penalty expert says Arkansas' recent purchase of a lethal injection drug — in a small amount and at a cheap price — suggests the state has found a reliable supplier to help it move 30 inmates from death row to the execution chamber.


گروه ها: yahoo

Huge Confederate flag near Interstate is one man's mission

Yahoo! News: Education News - 11 ساعت 35 دقیقه پیش

TAMPA, Fla. (AP) — Marion Lambert is unapologetic about the abundance of Confederate flags that surround him.


گروه ها: yahoo

Chicago activist loses US citizenship, will be deported

Yahoo! News: Education News - 12 ساعت 4 دقیقه پیش

An activist known for helping Arab women in the Chicago area lost her U.S. citizenship Thursday and will be deported for failing to disclose convictions for bombings in Jerusalem decades ago.


گروه ها: yahoo

How to watch the eclipse without eclipse glasses

Yahoo! News: Education News - ج, 05/27/1396 - 23:21

With the solar eclipse just days away, everyone is trying to get their hands on a last-minute pair of eclipse glasses. But what if you don't have $250 to spend on a pair because you spent too much money on pizza the night before? In a new video, Pizza Hut demonstrates how to use last night's pizza box to make your own  eclipse viewer, so you can enjoy the event without burning your eyes. All you need is a cardboard pizza box, foil, scissors, pen, tape and a sheet of white paper — all which would probably cost you less than 20 bucks. According to Business Insider, the finished product becomes a pinhole camera, which harnesses a property of light called diffraction to bend and magnify light. In this case, that's the sun as it eclipses. It won't allow you to look directly at the eclipse, but it's definitely better than hurting your eyes trying to look at the event without glasses. Sorry Pizza Hut, you could do this with any pizza box/cardboard, but kudos for trying to keep people from burning their eyes out. 


گروه ها: yahoo

US Nazi supporters move to Russian social media after Facebook ban

Yahoo! News: Education News - ج, 05/27/1396 - 23:15

Following violence at a white nationalist rally in Charlottesville, Virginia, last weekend, Facebook began taking down all positive mentions of an article by the Daily Stormer, a neo-Nazi website, attacking the woman who was killed protesting the rally. But while the site has been banned from Facebook, far-right users continued to post on a Daily Stormer group on VK, Russia's most popular social network. “Cloudflare just dropped us,” the Daily Stormer VK group posted on Wednesday, referring to the Internet security company that protects sites from cyber attacks. “We'll have to build an alternative.” White nationalists and far-right activists from Western countries have increasingly been moving to VK, also known as VKontakte, where they don't face the same censorship as on social media like Facebook. Charlottesville far-right protest Of the 97 major neo-Nazi, white nationalist and racist skinhead organisations on the Southern Poverty Law Centre's list of US hate groups, The Telegraph found VK groups matching at least nine of them, with members that appeared to be American. There were also more than 50 VK groups named after the Ku Klux Klan, although many of them appear to be run by Russian fans. According to the news site Meduza, more than 100 nationalist groups on VK have members from the United States, Germany, Sweden and other Western countries. Membership on the most popular of these groups numbers in the thousands. A far-right user who identified himself as Henry from Houston told Meduza that moving from Facebook to VK was becoming a “trend” among nationalists trying to avoid censorship. He's started two VK groups already with a total membership of 550. “You can't even write a post about Adolph Hitler” on Facebook, he complained. In contrast, on the Daily Stormer page and other VK groups, users have continued merrily posting racist slurs and threats. Dropped by its US domain registrar, the Daily Stormer also tried to relaunch its website under a Russian domain name, but this too was soon suspended. Asked about VK's apparent lack of censorship, a spokesman said the social network is “against calls for atrocities and violence” and deletes materials that include them. Russian authorities have been increasingly fining and even imprisoning social media users under a vague law against extremism, but many of these people have been convicted for criticising Russia's intervention in Ukraine. Law enforcement here most likely wouldn't be able to bring Americans to court on similar charges, however.


گروه ها: yahoo

Five suspected terrorists shot dead by police in Cambrils, Spain

Yahoo! News: Education News - ج, 05/27/1396 - 22:22

Spanish police shot dead five would-be attackers after confronting them early on Friday in Cambrils, south of Barcelona where hours earlier a suspected Islamist militant drove a van into crowds, killing 13 people.


گروه ها: yahoo

Neo-Nazis love media attention. But ignoring them isn't an option | Bob Garfield

Yahoo! News: Education News - ج, 05/27/1396 - 20:38

There is a genuine conflict of two public interests: the collateral damage of publicity versus the right to know. First there was the violence Saturday in Charlottesville, Virginia, where crowds of neo-Nazis, Klansmen, white nationalists and assorted alt-right mouthbreathers were televised chanting racist and antisemitic slogans and roughing up counter-protesters, culminating in the death of one woman. Yep, some of the finest neo-Nazis this great country has to offer.


گروه ها: yahoo

Saudi coalition killed hundreds of children in Yemen, confidential UN report claims

Yahoo! News: Education News - ج, 05/27/1396 - 20:33

The Saudi military coalition – which receives logistical support, weapons and political backing from the US and UK – has been accused of killing hundreds of children in Yemen, according to a confidential UN report. The report, which has yet to be made public and could still be changed, says that 51 per cent of all child deaths and injuries in Yemen last year were the result of the Saudi-led military operation. Saudi Arabia has insisted it is operating within international law.


گروه ها: yahoo

Mexico City fishermen fight to save Aztec floating gardens

Yahoo! News: Education News - ج, 05/27/1396 - 20:13

Roberto Altamirano has the lake to himself as he casts his glistening net onto the still water in a perfect circle, lets it sink, then slowly pulls it in. It comes back bearing a large haul of tilapia and carp -- and that is exactly the problem. Altamirano is one of just 20 or so fishermen who remain in the floating gardens of Xochimilco, an idyllic network of lakes, canals and artificial islands improbably tucked into the urban sprawl of Mexico City.


گروه ها: yahoo

'My life is over': Man who attended Charlottesville neo-Nazi rally forced to move away after being identified

Yahoo! News: Education News - ج, 05/27/1396 - 18:47

A man who attended the white supremacist march in Charlottesville has told how his “life is over” after being publicly identified. Jarrod Kuhn was identified as a “nazi” after an anti-fascist group posted 250 fliers around the Honeoye Falls area of New York in the aftermath of the Virginia bloodshed that left three people dead. The flier claimed Mr Kuhn is a “leading figure with the Daily Stormer, an avowedly neo-Nazi website around which local groups have been organizing to promote anti-Semitism, white supremacy and violence against LGBTQ communities,” according to the Livingston County news.


گروه ها: yahoo

Driver forced to gun engine and jump rising drawbridge

Yahoo! News: Education News - ج, 05/27/1396 - 18:18

LOWER TOWNSHIP, N.J. (AP) — A driver was forced to gun his engine and jump a drawbridge that began rising as he crossed it with his family.


گروه ها: yahoo

Syrian army encircles Islamic State in central Syria advance

Yahoo! News: Education News - ج, 05/27/1396 - 18:01

Syria's army and its allies have encircled an Islamic State (IS) pocket in central Syria after a series of advances in the desert region, state media, a Hezbollah military media unit and a war monitor said on Friday. President Bashar al-Assad's military has advanced against Islamic State along two prongs towards Deir al-Zor province this year, leaving a large jihadist salient stretching back west between them. Its forces have now cut off part of that salient with a pincer movement, enclosing a large Islamic State enclave around the village of Uqairabat, the state news agency SANA reported.


گروه ها: yahoo

White supremacists cheer Trump's evolving response to Charlottesville

Yahoo! News: Education News - ج, 05/27/1396 - 17:52

President Trump’s comments about violence that erupted in Charlottesville, Va., last weekend have been condemned by Democrats, Republicans, business leaders and even athletes. “I think he’s speaking to the fact that a nation should respect its heritage, its identity, its heroes, and we shouldn’t engage in antiwhite multicultural political correctness,” Matthew Heimbach told Yahoo News on Thursday. Heimbach was scheduled to speak at the event, which attracted supporters from white supremacist, “alt-right” and neo-Nazi groups.


گروه ها: yahoo

Furor erupts over killing of teenager as Philippines drugs war escalates

Yahoo! News: Education News - ج, 05/27/1396 - 16:39

By Erik De Castro and Manuel Mogato MANILA (Reuters) - The Philippines police came under pressure on Friday to explain the killing of a high-school student after the 17-year-old became one of at least 80 people shot dead this week in an escalation of President Rodrigo Duterte's ruthless war on drugs. Television channels aired CCTV footage that showed Kian Loyd Delos Santos being carried by two men to the place where his body was later found, raising doubt about an official report that said he was shot because he fired at police officers first. Witnesses told the ABS-CBN channel that the teenager did not have a firearm and police officers at the scene handed him a gun, asked him to fire the weapon and run.


گروه ها: yahoo

Chinese traders furious after crackdown on N. Korean imports

Yahoo! News: Education News - ج, 05/27/1396 - 16:36

BEIJING (AP) — Furious Chinese businesspeople said Friday that Beijing's decision to enforce U.N. sanctions on North Korean seafood imports would hobble the economy of an entire northeastern city, sparking a rare public protest earlier this week after the surprise move suddenly choked off border trade.


گروه ها: yahoo

PS4's 5.0 Update Revealed, Here's What It Does - GameSpot

Sci/Tech - Google News - ج, 05/27/1396 - 14:57

GameSpot

PS4's 5.0 Update Revealed, Here's What It Does
GameSpot
PlayStation 4's 5.0 update was leaked last week, and now Sony has officially revealed what's coming in the patch. In short, there are few huge features included in the update--which is out today for select beta testers--but lots of small improvements ...
Here are the new features in the PS4's v5.0 firmware betaPolygon
What to expect in PlayStation 4 system update 5.00BGR
Here's Everything in Sony's Huge New PlayStation 4 UpdateTIME
SlashGear -Engadget -Shacknews -Digital Trends
all 55 news articles »
گروه ها: google

Researchers may have found a cure for the peanut allergy - Quartz

Health - Google News - ج, 05/27/1396 - 14:30

Quartz

Researchers may have found a cure for the peanut allergy
Quartz
New research out of Australia appears to have found a way to train the human body to overcome a peanut allergy, one of the most common and deadly allergies in the world. The discovery was made at Murdoch Children's Research Institute in Victoria, where ...
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Peanut allergy treatment 'lasts up to four years'BBC News
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ABC News -SFGate -Sacramento Bee -Atlanta Journal Constitution
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